Adds an image from a file to the set of sprite assets.


sprite_add(fname, imgnumb, removeback, smooth, xorig, yorig);

Argument Description
fname The name (a string file path) of the file to add.
imgnum Use to indicate the number of sub-images (1 for a single image). For gif images, this argument is not used and can be set to 0.
removeback Indicates whether to make all pixels with the background colour (left-bottom pixel) transparent.
smooth Indicates whether to smooth the edges if transparent.
xorig Indicate the x position of the origin in the sprite.
yorig Indicate the y position of the origin in the sprite.

Returns: Real


With this function you can add an image as a sprite, loading it from an external source where the image file to be loaded should always be in either *.png, *.gif or *.jpg/jpeg format. The function returns the new sprite index which must then be used in all further codes that relate to the sprite. If you use this function with HTML5 or are getting an image from an URL, this function will also generate an asynchronous event. See Advanced Use - More About Async Events for more information.

All images that are to be turned into animated sprites - except for *.gif (see below) - should have a "strip" format (see the image below) and it will be split into the number of sub-images specified following the rule sprite width = strip width / sub images. As you can see in the above image, the sprite has been placed on a dark purple background, and this can be removed by setting the "removeback" argument to true. This works by checking the bottom left pixel of the sprite for the colour there and then uses that as the colour to be removed. For example, in the above image, if we had the bottom left pixel colour as green, all the green parts of the sprite would have been removed and the rest of the purple background ignored.

If you choose the "removeback" option, you may also want GameMaker: Studio to smooth the edges of the sprite by setting the "smooth" argument to true. All this does is create a semi-transparent border around the edges of the sprite after it has had its background removed.

Finally you can also specify the x and y origin for the sprite. This is the point where the sprite is "fixed" onto the instance that uses it, and is always calculated as relative to the 0,0 top left corner of one sprite sub-image. So, for example, a sprite that is 32 x 32 pixels with these values set to (16,16) will have its origin in the center.

If you are adding a *.gif format image, then you only need to specify the filename and can leave all the other arguments as 0, but note that only the first image of the GIF will be loaded.

By default all new sprites have their bounding boxes calculated automatically (the exact bbox will depend on the size and transparency of the sprite), however you may wish to customise this, in which case you should also use the function sprite_collision_mask.

NOTE: When you load a sprite into GameMaker: Studio you must remember to remove it again (with sprite_delete) when no longer needed, otherwise there is risk of a memory leak which will slow down and eventually crash your game.


spr = sprite_add("player_5.png", 16, true, true, 0, 0);

The above code loads a sprite into the game and stores its index in the variable "spr".

Back: Sprites
Next: sprite_replace
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